What are Cloud-native applications?
Cloud-native applications are designed to use Cloud infrastructure at best and to optimize its benefits. Cloud-native development is based on a specific approach to design, implementation and management of applications. Though Cloud-native applications are still not so popular, may be one of the most powerful tool for business innovation. They are created with the purpose of offering concrete benefits for firms, by speeding up the development of new application, optimizing existing apps and integrating all of that to foster continuous development. Indeed, the ultimate goal of this model is deploying applications to users according to the specific needs and deadlines of companies.
Apps are designed to offer an automate development and management experience in different Cloud environments (public, private and hybrid Clouds). Through Cloud Computing, companies can increase the scalability and availability of applications, by using the self-provisionig of resources and by automating the lifecycle application management, from development to production. Cloud-native development improves the quality and agility of the system while reducing the risk: applications will be more reactive, extremely scalable and fault-tolerant, into any kind of environment. To get those advantages you need to transform the existing development model.
Parameters of Cloud-native approach
The development of Cloud-native apps request some elements. You need to change the way of working and collaborate among different teams and provide proper tools to support it. First of all, the organization should adopt DevOps strategies because of the integration between developers and operations teams that have a common goal and feedback.
Also using Containers for the infrastructure is very helpful for a Cloud-native approach. Containers are the best deployment and implementation environment for apps and they are able to simplify the shift among different environments while maintaining all their functionalities. The combination of DevOps and Containers makes the app deployment and upgrades easier and faster.
Another important aspect for Cloud-native development is the modularity of the architecture and the independence of services. In this respect, we speak about micro-services: an architecture which divides the applications in smaller and independent components. Each micro-service performs a specific business function and communicate through an API interface or a messaging system.
Benefits of Cloud-native applications
Cloud-native approach enables to streamline the IT system and make processes more effective. Here’s a summary of the main benefits in different areas:
Distributing apps to users is very easy and fast because of the Cloud-native environment.
The Cloud-native approach allows to adjust apps to the market and user needs much more rapidly.
Cloud-native apps make available new features quickly, by allowing the company to take new business opportunities.
That development model includes a reduction of manual processes and strong automation, capable to speed-up the innovation of firms.