6 ways to improve TTFB:
1. Use a Content Delivery Network
A Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a geographically distributed network of servers that allows users to download data from the websites they are visiting using the closest network node. This way the website will be faster both in download and page load and user experience improved. The use of a CDN is not needed for all kinds of websites, therefore is useful to understand if make sense using that service or not.
2. Optimize the application code
The application code is a crucial part in the website’s optimization. Several actions help speeding up the TTFB as regards application code: add a load balancer and cache static and dynamic content, update the software installed on the web server, use a Reverse Proxy Server to accelerate the applications and secure them. In addition, compress data and implement the HTTP/2, as well as monitoring of web server performance and live activities to identify the possible bottlenecks.
3. Optimize the database queries
To optimize database queries first of all you need to create indexes properly and only retrieve the data you really need. Besides, avoid to use functions on the left hand-side of the operator, so you don’t need to read the entire database to answer the query. Avoid also correlated subqueries, because they depend on other queries and slow down the process.
4. Reduce HTTP requests
5. Ensure a faster server response time
6. Use Respond First, Process Later (RFPL) cache
With this cache method the user sees previously cached response at immediately and in the same time, the server still processes the request in the background. This way users are not kept waiting for the response.
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